What is Ghunna?moaazarfa
What is Ghunna? in Tajweed of the Quran
Ghunna is an important aspect of the correct recitation of the Quran by Tajweed. It refers to the nasalization of some letters in Arabic, creating different sounds. This article will explore the concept of Ghunna, including its definition, pronunciation, letters that make up Ghunna, usage rules, and examples to illustrate its use.
Learning Tajweed including Ghunnah is very important – it makes reciting beautiful, as well as not spoiling the message by mistakes. Reading verses of the Quran without Tajweed can change the meaning of words because there are rules set to distinguish similar letters. Similarly, the wrong suffix can change the meaning.
How to Pronounce Ghunna and letters that produce Ghunna:
Among the most important Tajweed rules is Ghunnah, which is a nasal sound, especially when pronouncing the letters ن and م. If you close the opening of the nostril, you cannot make the Ghunnah sound. Knowing how and when to make these sounds is very important for the correct recitation of the Qur’an and Tajwid rules.
In Arabic, the letters of Ghunnah are ن and م, where ن (noon) has a Tanween.
The length of nasalization is not exactly measured, but it comes with experience – to use Ghunna, you have to lengthen the ن and م sounds. These are the only two huroof where Ghunna Rules will apply.
Rules for Pronouncing Ghunna:
The Shaddah (شدة):
Ghunnah occurs when shaddah is in one of the letters above. If there is an accent, it means that the letter must be stressed. In other words, it doubles the importance of letter sounds. Shaddah appears above the letters and looks like this: For example; In Lil-latheen -لِلَّذين the second Laam ل is mentioned twice.
In the rules of Tajwid, Ghunnah is a sound that is produced entirely from the nose. Hmm almost. This sound has a duration and cannot exceed two counts. If you find Shadda above noon or Meem Ghunnah you should do it. It’s simple.
Length of Ghunna:
The duration of Ghunna varies depending on the particular style of reading or discipline followed. Can be shortened or lengthened, students must develop a sense of timing to produce the correct length of Ghunna. In general, short Ghunna is suitable for normal reading, while long Ghunna can be used in certain situations when the verse ends or is interrupted.
The presence of adjacent letters can affect the pronunciation of Ghunna. For example, when “noon” or “meem” with Ghunna is followed by “baa” (ب) or “mim” (م), Ghunna can be assimilated into a similar nasal sound. This assimilation takes place to maintain the fluidity and smoothness of reading.
Types of Ghunna:
There are four types of Ghunna depending on their rank.
Most Complete – This is the longest Ghunna, the longest Ghunna is found in Idgham with Shaddah above them or with Ghunnah if one of these letters (نمی و) get with Noon Sakina that has Shadda.
Complete (Complete) – The second long ghunna is found in Al-Ihfaa’ Alhaqiqi, Al-Ihfaa’ Ash-Shafawi, and Al-Iqlab.
Incomplete (incomplete) – Also called Short Ghunna, its duration is shorter than Full. This form is found when reading ن and م (with Sukoon) and Izhar.
The most incomplete – is the shortest of those found when reading with the sounds ن and م. You can see that the difference between this level of the time of the Ghunna species, the difference of this time is very small.
Examples of Ghunna:
The word “min” has the letters “meem” and Ghunna. “Meem” should sound nasal. It is important to ensure that the nasality is present, that the voice is not dominated, and that clarity and clarity are maintained.
The word “Annabi” (the prophet) has the letter “ن” with Ghunna.
Ghunna nasalization should be used when saying “afternoon”. This enhances the beauty of the verse and adds subtle nuances to the reading.
Example 1: or usually the word نا is read “inna, but this is wrong. Ghunna refers to the letter ن as it carries a Shadd.. Therefore, the correct pronunciation is “innna”, which means lengthening the “nn” sound.
Example 2: The word ثم is normally read “Thumma”. But when we use the letter م in Ghunna, the correct pronunciation is “Thummma”, that is, the m lengthens the “mm” sound.
Idghaam with Ghunnah Examples:
Idgham and Tanween and Noon Sakina is one of the most important rules of Tajwid that we should read in the Quran. There are two types of Idgham. What we will write in this article is Ghunnah and Idgham. when Noon Sakinah or Tanween have followed by any one of these letters ( ن، م، و ، ي) you have to practice Idgham with Ghunnah.
Joining the letter Ghunnah occurs in two groups. The first one is Full Idghaam – meaning the sound is louder or bolder.the second one is light Ghunnah (soft nasalization), It is mainly used with letters (ن، م). The latter sounds twice as if it were time to say the word “one or two.”
If you still confused and did not get what is Ghunna? so watch this video below or join our online classes, moreover you could contact us for more help.
It is necessary to implement the rules above to study the rules of the Tajwid Qur’an and make significant progress. If you want to learn more about Tajwid rules, you can join an online Tajwid class. At Tipyaan Academy, we have strived to facilitate the learning of Quranic Tajwid for online students in the Quranic Tajwid Curriculum. Therefore, we have yet to make any effort to simplify this task. Check out our Tajwid lessons for better learning.
We hope this article gives you an idea of what Ghunnah is in Arabic. There are still methods that can be used to read the Qur’an. To learn those techniques, consider Tipyaan Academy and contact our qualified teachers who will help you recite the Qur’an correctly and in the best possible way.
Since Allah SWT has made it easy for Muslims through technology, they should take this opportunity to join our online Tajwid course to learn how to read the Qur’an and use Tajwid correctly.
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