Shadda in Arabic and Quran Words With Examplesmoaazarfa
What is Shadda in Arabic Grammar | Shadda Arabic meaning
The Shadda symbol looks like the English letter W, which is ـّ.
Shadda compresses adjacent double letters into single letters. For example, the word Shadda itself contains a double d “Shadda”.
In Arabic has double dal (د), which is شَدْدَةٌ, but instead of writing the letter dal (د) twice, Arabs condense it into one letter using the Shadda symbol. So, the correct way to write the word Shadda in Arabic is:
Shadda is also called Tashdeed تَشْدِيْدٌ.
Pronunciation of Shadda:
In Arabic, Shadda is equivalent to writing the same letter twice. The first letter will be Sakoon, and the second will be Fat-ha, Dhamma, or Kasra.
For example, The word دَرَّسَ is دَرْرَسَ, but instead of writing ر Ra twice, we replace one ر Ra with Shadda.
Letters (ن) and (م) with Tashdid signs. are called Noon Mushaddat and Meem.
Shaddah (Arabic: شَدّة shaddah “[spoken] sign of emphasis”, from the same root name, تشديدد “spoken”) is one of the diacritics used in the Arabic script, made with long vowels.
Shadda refers to doubling the consonant. If the same consonant word occurs twice, instead of using consonant + Sukoon + consonant in between, it is written only once, and Shadda is written above it.
There are two conditions for adjacent double letters combined with the Shadda symbol.
Above the first letter should be the symbol of Sukoon (ـْ). In other words, the first letter should be سَاكِنْ.
The second letter to be combined under Shadda must be any vowel.
short ( ـَ ـِ ـُ ),
double ( ـً ـٍ ـٌ ),
long one ( ـَ ا ، ـِ ي ، ـُ و )
In short, we can write Sakin + Vowel = Shadda.
ـْ + ـَ ⇜ ـّ
ساكن + حركة = شدة
When two consecutive letters in a word meet the above two conditions, they are combined with Shadda.
The letter that uses the Sukoon symbol is called Sakin (سَاكِنْ), while the Shadda or Tashdid letter is called Mushadad (مُشَدَّدْ).
Above the letter with the vowel kasra + Shadda, we see the kasra symbol, which is جَيِّد
A letter like Shadda + kasra can have the following three variations. All three are true, but you should always use one when you write.
Both Shadda and kasra can be written above the letter (جَيِّد) as in the example above. However, the kasra remains in the shadda symbol, indicating it is a kasra.
Both Shadda and Kasra can be written below the letter.
The Shadda symbol can be written above the letter, and kasrah remains below the letter.
We have now completed all the characters that govern the sound of Arabic words. All you need is practice and many courses to become fluent in Arabic.
Examples of Shadda:
Shadda is a significant diacritical mark in Arabic writing that plays an essential role in determining the pronunciation and meaning of words. This diacritic, denoted by the lowercase W (ـّ), doubles the unstressed sound of the inserted letter. We will explore the different uses of Shadda through several examples, showing their influence on the Arabic language.
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Shadda for Consonant doubling :
The primary purpose of Shadda is to indicate the double or double consonant sound in one word. Look at the word “كتاب” (kitāb), which means “book”. If we add a consonant to the letter “ت” (t), it becomes “كتّاب” (kittāb), which means “books”. Shadda not only changes the pronunciation but also changes the meaning of the word from singular to plural.
Shadda in Verb Conjugation :
Shadda is important in Verb conjugation, especially in the past tense, especially in the past. Take the verb “book” (kataba), which means “to write”. By adding a vowel to the letter “ت” (t) in the past tense, we get “كتّب” (katabba), indicating “he wrote”. Shadda differentiates between past and present tense by emphasizing the doubling of continuous sounds.
In the proper noun, Shadda:
Shadda often occurs in proper nouns, especially names of people and places. For example, the name “محمد” (Muhammad) has syllables that emphasize doubling the “m” sound in the letter “m”. Similarly, “دمّشق” (Damascus) emphasizes the pronunciation of the name of the city and shows the sound in the letter “م” (m).
Shadda, in reading the Qur’an:
When reading the Qur’an, it plays a vital role in pronouncing the correct words. Many examples of Shadda must be read carefully to preserve the meaning and rhythm intended in the verses of the Qur’an. Readers should recognize the sound when reciting the Qur’an to ensure correct pronunciation.
Shadda in classical Arabic poetry:
Classical Arabic poetry, known for its complex rhyme and meter patterns, often uses shad for aesthetic and functional purposes. When poets create poems, they use joy to maintain the meter and rhythm of their poems. Having Shadda in a particular position in the poem can improve the flow of poetry and increase the harmony in the stanza.
Shadda is a diacritical mark that dramatically affects the pronunciation and meaning of words in Arabic. The example above shows how Shadda is used in conjugating verbs, proper names, reading the Quran, and even classical Arabic poetry. Mastering Shadda’s correct placement and pronunciation is essential for anyone learning or using Arabic, as it adds depth and accuracy to communication.
Remember that Shadda is one of the many symbols in Arabic writing that contribute to the richness and complexity of the language. Learning and understanding these diacritics opens the door to a deeper appreciation of the Arabic language and culture.
Hopefully, this article will help you learn the Quran using the rules of Tajweed, especially Shadda. At Tipyaan Academy, we all strive to facilitate learning Arabic and the Qur’an with the correct rules.
Therefore, for those who want to learn the science of Tajweed, we have prepared an exciting course that includes the rules of Shadda and the Quran using Tajweed Online. For more information, please register for the course and listen to our regular posts for more Arabic and Tajweed lessons.