MONTHS IN ARABIC (Hijri Months)Moaz Arafa
MONTHS IN ARABIC | HIJRI DATE AND GREGORIAN CALENDAR| islamic months name
When you want to learn islamic months name in Arabic you must know the history that is related to their existence. Each month has a significant or a story, and will talk all things about these months.
Arabic months And Why Is It Named By Hijri date?
After that the prophet Muhammad PBUH commanded by dated from the first year after the hijrah when the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) existed in Yathreb after Hijrah, he was connected with other kings and heads of different tribes by sending books were dated by Hijri date.
The first who’s indicated by this date was Ali bin Abi Talib and others, So Omar Ibn Al Khattab and the Companions approved that, and Omar ordered that it be dated from the Hijrah, and they dated it from the beginning of that year of Muharram.
The Hijri calendar consists of 12 lunar months, which means the Hijri year equals approximately 354 days, specifically 354,367056 days, and each month in the Hijri month consists of 29 or 30 days.
Months of the year in Arabic and the holy days of islam:
Mentions arabic months in order:
Islamic months name:
The Islamic (Hijri) date depends on the lunar system by following the phases of the moon, the lunar cycle is 29.530588 days, so there are 354 days per year.
1- Muharram (مــُــحــرَّم):
It’s the first month in the Islamic calendar, it’s a sacred month (there are 4 sacred months in islam) in the fact of the prophet Muhammad PBUH when he said ” the best month to fast, after that of Ramadan is shahrullah Muharram”, Muharram is the month of Allah SWT and no other month has been called that.
Muharram is considered to be from the most important four months rather than Ramadan. Therefore the highest owner has been given in this month, and no other month in Arabic months has been given to this honor.
2- Safar (صــَــفــَــر):
The second month in the Islamic calendar, the Arabic word of Safar means empty or vacant.
Before Islam Arabs used to go far away together for food in winter and they used to leave their house empty.
Some people believe that it’s to avoid travelling, marriage, or celebration in this month, the prophet Muhammad eradicate all superstitiuos and reject all inaccurate beliefs regarding the blessed month of Safar.
3- Rabi’ Al-Awwal (ربــيـــع الأول):
The third month of the Hijri date, this month witnessed significant events, like the birth of Prophet Muhammad PBUH, he was born in Mecca on Monday, 12th of Rabi Al Awal, the Allah choose this month to illuminate us with this mercy.
Another event was the Hijrah, which saw the prophet Muhammad PBUH and his companions migrate to Yathreb from Mecca to practice the religion of Islam without persecution.
4- Rabi’ Al Thani (ربــيع الــثاني):
The 4th month in the Islamic date, Rabi means spring, Al thank means the second, so the word means the second spring because the weather was pleasant in this month at the time the name was given, and also it followed the Rabi Al Awal.
5- Gamad Al Awal (جماد أول ):
It means that something is dry or rainless, and symbolizes any dry land or dry month.
The most significant event died of Fatima Bent Muhammad PBUH on the 10th of this month at age of 23 years in Madina.
6- Gamad Al Thani (جماد ثاني):
The 6th month in the Hijri calendar, named because in this month the water freezes because of the cold weather.
7- Ragab (رجب):
Rajab is one of the four holy months in Islam, which means respect, the battling and warfare are forbidden during this month, the rewards for good deeds are magnified in this month, and the punishments for bad deeds are also magnified.
8- Shaban (شعبان):
It’s the 8th month in the Islamic calendar, the prophet Muhammad PBUH used to fast a lot in Shaban, and he said ” every deed you do is multiplied by 10-700 times” about this month.
9- Ramadan (رمضان):
It’s a great month for Muslims. It’s the month of the Quran, Allah revealed the Quran on the prophet Muhammad PBUH by Jibril AS in Ghar Hira.
1.5 billion Muslims are dieting for thirty days in the month of Ramadan, dieting from food, drinks, and smoking until evening.
There are exceptions, health issues, dieting it’s not an option for them, other exceptions are pregnant women, nursing maters, postpartum women, children, trippers and seniors.
The month of Ramadan is a time of reflection and tone- enhancement.
The fast means for one to partake in a little bit of the pain that millions of others go through every day, and be more motivated to give charity and help those who are in need.
10- shawwal (شوال):
The first day of Shawwal is the first day of Eid-ul-Fitr, which is marked as the end of Ramadan.
Some Muslims are fast for the 6 days in Shawwal after Eid-ul-Fitr.
Shawwal is named because of the time when female camels get pregnant.
Also in this month the prophet Muhammad PBUH married Aisha RA.
11- Dhul qadah ( ذو القعدة):
It’s the 11th month of the Hijri date and the 3rd holy month in which battling is illegal.
The Hajj was made obligatory upon Muslims as one of the 5 pillars in this month.
The first ever pilgrimage or Umrah was made by the prophet Muhammad PBUH during this month.
The prophet Muhammad PBUH used to fast on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of this month.
12- Dhul hijjah (ذو الحجة):
The first 10 days of this month are considered as the best 10 days of the entire Islamic year, that’s also included Hajj pilgrimage, and the celebration of Eid-ul-Adha, it’s also a time of Muslims make sacrifices just as the prophet Ibrahim AS when Allah ransomed his son Ismail AS by sheep to sacrifice it.
Islamic months names and meanings
1- Muharram: (Muharram al-Haram), which is the first month of the Hijri year and among the sacred months (الاشهٌر الحُرُم): It was called Muharram because the Arabs before Islam forbade fighting in it.
the word “muharra” cames from the meanning of haraam which means forbiden
2- Safar: It was called Safar because Arab homes before islam were whistling, meaning they were devoid of their people for war, and it was said because the Arabs were invading tribes in it, leaving those who met zero belongings.
the word “safar” means inane or empty
3- Rabi’ al-Awwal: It was named so because its name came in the beginning of the spring season.
4 – Rabi’ al-akhirah: (or Rabi’ al-Thani) is so named because it followed the month of Rabi’ al-Awwal.
the word ” Rabi’ ” means spring
5- Jumada al-Awwal: It was called Jumada al-Awwal before Islam, and it was called Jumada because it fell in the winter at the time of the naming, when the water froze and it is feminine in pronunciation.
6 – Jumada al-Thani: (or Jumada al-Thani) so named because it followed the month called Jumada al-Awwal.
the word “jumada” means the feminine pronounciation for the word “frozen”
7- Rajab: It is one of the sacred months. It is called Rajab because spears are thrown from the bows because they are removed from them, so they do not fight.
The word “Rajab” means timidity and refraining from doing a certain thing
8 – Sha’ban: because it is the détente or bifurcation between Rajab and Ramadan, and it was said: people disperse in it and branch out in search of water. For war and raids after sitting in the month of Rajab.
The word Shaaban comes from the meaning of the word Shaab which means bifurcation
9 – Ramadan: It is the month of fasting for Muslims, so it was called because of the scorching heat and the intensity of the sun’s fall in it at the time of its name, as the period during which it was named was very hot, and it is said: Stones lit up, if they were heated by the influence of the sun.
The word “Ramadan” comes from “Ramdaa”, which means intense heat
10- Shawwal: It is Eid al-Fitr, when the camels have their tails in their tails, if they become pregnant, “that is, their milk has dried up,” so it is said that the camels have become paralyzed: if their milk is shortened and dried up.
the word “Shawwal” means the thing that is packed
11- Dhul-Qi’dah: It is one of the sacred months: Dhul-Qa’dah is named for their sitting in their pilgrimages from raids and travels, so they do not seek food on the grounds that it is one of the sacred months.
Dhul Qi’dah comes from the verb IQ’AD, which means to sit
12 – Dhul-Hijjah: In it is the Hajj season and Eid al-Adha, and it is one of the sacred months. It is called that because the Arabs before Islam went for Hajj in this month.
the word “hajj” means intention
The Gregorian months are dependent on the solar system, not like the Islamic months which makes a difference between the numbers of days in the year in both.
The number of days in the Gregorian year is 365 days per year, but in Islamic year there is 354 day, which means there is 11 day not found in the Hijri date because of the moon cycle which equals 29,530588 per day.
Mentions the Gregorian months:
1- January (يناير).
2- February (فبراير).
3- March (مارس).
4- April (إبريل).
5- May (مايو).
6- June (يونيو).
7- July (يوليو).
8- August (أغسطس).
9- September (سبتمبر).
10- October (أكتوبر).
11- November (نوڤيمبر).
12- December (ديسمبر).
What month is the day of Ashura in?
Ashura is an existing day in the month of Allah (Muharram), the day of the first month of the year.
Day of Ashura it’s the 10th day from Muharram. The fasting on this day was made obligatory before Ramadan.
In the first year after Hijrah, Muharram was an obligation to fast, when Allah revealed Ramadan in this year was Wajib or fard means not obligatory to fast, then in the second year Muharram fasting was recommended and Ramadan became an obligation (fard) to fast on all Muslims.
The Muslims celebrate with Ashura because many events happened on this day, as Musa AS was saved and his people from Pharaon, Nuh AS his ship landed on mount Judi, and many others happened in the past.
The Muslims fasting Ashura on the 10th of Muharram month and other days before or after to be different from the Jews.
We in Tipyaan Academy wrote months in Arabic and tried to briefly discuss the meaning of each month in Hijri date, and their importance in Arabic history.
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